PHILIPPE LOPEZ / AFP
On November 17, Parliament finally adopted the bill paving the way for a graduation of unemployment insurance according to the economic situation (Photo illustration: in February in Bordeaux).
POLITICS – Targeted full employment in 2027. On Thursday 17 November, the Danish Parliament finally adopted the bill that paves the way for a graduation of unemployment insurance in relation to the health of the economy and employment. Tightening of the compensation rules, rejection of CDI, job closure… HuffPost explains to you what will change in 2023 with this unemployment insurance reform.
As a first step, the bill from Labor Minister Olivier Dussopt plans to expand the current rules in‘unemployment insurance, as a result of a controversial reform of Emmanuel Macron’s first five-year term. It also triggers the possibility of modulating unemployment insurance according to the labor market by decree, a campaign promise of the President of the Republic.
- Modulate the duration of the allowance according to the labor market
Specifically, the text tightens the rules for compensation when the labor market is in good shape. In the event of an economic situation considered “good”, the duration of the compensation will increase from the current 24 months to a maximum of 18 months. In a “moderate” situation, the unemployed will experience a 15% reduction in their rights, i.e. a maximum of 20 months’ compensation. On the other hand, in the event of a downturn in the economy, the maximum duration of compensation will not change, indicates the daily The broadcast.
If the government wants to gamble on the duration of the compensation, Renaissance deputy Marc Ferracci insisted on TF1 that he “will not affect the size of the compensation. This means that people always get the same. »
Minister Olivier Dussopt also recalled that the government did not want ” change the conditions for connection to the unemployment insurance system”. It takes six months of work over a reference period of 24 months to be eligible. With this graduation system, which the government wants to implement in 2023, it aims for an unemployment rate of 5% in 2027, against 7.4% currently.
- Handling of CDI refusals
Parliament also adopted the text which stipulates that a jobseeker who has refused permanent employment twice in one year following a fixed-term contract or a temporary contract for the same position, in the same place and with the same remuneration, will lose his unemployment benefit.
However, the text clarifies that this provision does not apply if the CDI does not correspond to the criteria for the job offer defined at the time of registration with the Pôle emploi with the adviser, specifies Press center.
It will be up to the employer (or both employers) to inform the Pôle emploi of a refusal of a permanent contract, which implies a “technical difficulties” so it’s not one “Gas factory”according to Olivier Dussopt. “The ball is in your court” so this is operational, replied the rapporteur for the text in the Senate Frédérique Puissat (LR) on Thursday. His counterpart in the assembly Marc Ferracci (Renaissance) finds the measure “a little ideological, although there is a real issue about CDI’s rejection”.
- Abandonment of position is equated with resignation
Another provision, added by amendments from the President’s majority and LR deputies, is still being debated: “abandonment of mail”. It will now be compared to a termination, in order to limit access to unemployment insurance.
The text of the bill also aims to facilitate the use of validation of acquired experience (VAE). The broadcast recalls that the government’s target is 100,000 VAE per year. A platform should be created for one “drastic simplification” of the process and reduce dropouts during VAEs, estimated at 70% today.
The right welcomed this text, while the trade unions and the left criticized “right-wing reform” whose goal would be to “lower unemployment benefit”. Before the final vote on Tuesday in the assembly, which was won by 210 votes to 140, Insoumis had unsuccessfully defended a final motion to reject this text, which, according to them, had “a disposable vision for employees”. The Socialists have announced a referral to the Constitutional Council.
Also look at The HuffPost: