Twenty countries launched a partnership on immigration in Latin America on Friday, June 10, 2022, under the leadership of the United States and at the conclusion of a “Summit of the Americas” marked by more friction than concrete or spectacular announcements.
“No country should be left behind” alone in the face of growing population movements that see thousands of people trying to cross the border between Mexico and the United States, fleeing misery and insecurity, US President Joe Biden said on Friday.
Standing with the other signatories of the “Los Angeles Declaration”, lined up in front of a row of flags, he affirmed that immigration ” safe ” and “legal” benefited economic development, but also felt that it was necessary “protect the borders” against illegal entry, with “humanity”.
Joe Biden wants to establish the principle of a “shared responsibility” between states on a subject that has earned him constant attacks from the American right.
The “Los Angeles Declaration” covers various commitments or reminders of past commitments, in terms of welcoming migrants and regulating flows, but has no binding dimension.
The text, released by the White House, was signed by Argentina, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti , Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, United States, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay.
Joe Biden hoped Friday that “other countries will see the potential” of this partnership, which he described as “historic”.
In this context, the United States will welcome 20,000 refugees from Latin America in 2023 and 2024, i.e., according to the American executive, triple the number of refugees welcomed this year.
The White House also announced on Friday an envelope of 314 million dollars in humanitarian aid intended mainly for Venezuelan migrants.
More than six million Venezuelans have fled their country, in the grip of a very serious economic and social crisis.
Neither Venezuela, Cuba nor Nicaragua were invited by Washington, which sparked strong criticism from some leaders and an outright boycott from the President of Mexico, Andrés Manuel Lopez Obrador.
The Summit of the Americas, launched in 1994 in Miami and which has not been held in the United States since, is supposed to celebrate a new era in relations on the continent, in particular after the clashes that marked the presidency of Donald Trump.
But it ends, for the Americans, on a mixed record.
Joe Biden thus experienced a real moment of diplomatic embarrassment on Thursday when the Prime Minister of Belize and then the Argentine President criticized him for the absence of Cuba and Venezuela, in the middle of a plenary session, and when he was seated a few feet away.
The American head of state cut a good figure, applauding all the interventions, even the most critical, and shaking hands with the leaders concerned as they came down from the stage. He assured that on the merits, “unity” was appropriate with the countries of the continent.
Double thumbs up
And on Friday, he was able to rejoice in the satisfaction of Mexico and Brazil, which seemed to want to end on a positive note.
The head of Mexican diplomacy Marcelo Ebrard thus hailed the results “very positive”.
As for far-right Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, with whom there is no shortage of friction, he described ” fantastic ” his face-to-face the day before with Joe Biden and made conciliatory remarks on the environment, assuring that Brazil could develop its agriculture while preserving the Amazon.
The United States is concerned about the growing influence of China on a region that it has always considered its backyard, and the very strong commercial dependence of all countries, including them, on Beijing.
But the Biden administration has made it clear that it will not follow the Chinese example, synonymous with big investments and major infrastructure projects in Latin America.
An anecdote came to remind us of the omnipresence of China, whose name has been mentioned very little in Los Angeles, at least publicly.
The American Chamber of Commerce thus distributed on the sidelines of the summit a blue bag filled with gifts supposed to promote American industry. But containing among other things a water bottle and sunglasses… “Made in China”.